Early Detection

Age is one of the biggest risk factors of prostate cancer, with 85 percent of cases in patients 65 years and over.4 In addition to age, family history and genetic predisposition could be responsible for near 40 percent of prostate cancer cases in young men.5,6
Early detection of prostate cancer can help to detect the cancer at an earlier stage, helping patients get access to the treatment they require. One of the most common types of prostate screening is a PSA test that evaluates prostate specific antigen in the blood and can be unreliable as it may provide false negative results.7
4. Risk factors for prostate cancer. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2009;6(2):87–95. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19198622
5. Elo JP, Visakorpi T. Molecular genetics of prostate cancer. Ann Med. 2001;33(2):130–141. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11327116
6. Carter BS, et al. Mendelian inheritance of familial prostate cancer. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1992;89(8):3367–3371. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1565627
7. Should I have a PSA test? [Internet]. nhs.uk. 2018 [cited 2 November 2018]. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/prostate-cancer/should-i-have-psa-test/